THE FOSSIL ENERGY, THAT POLLUTE, COSTS MORE OF CLEAN ENERGY
In this article, I explain the reasons why, as a simple citizen, design engineer, installer of industrial, environmental energy plants and inventor, I no longer believe in science, politics and the world economy and I will continue to not believe in them until I will get satisfactory answers at least to the following question which coincides, by pure chance, even with the start of Trump presidency:
We have polluted and warmed the planet paying fossil energy more of clean energy?
This question does not seek culprits but assumptions of responsibility by the leaders of the world's environment and energy. This question can not answer the leaders of the past, who have committed major errors, setting the economic development and fossil energy on treatment plants with activated sludge, which also would do less damage if they had been made of the right size in the right place, as described in several pages of SPAWHE (http://www.spawhe.eu/energy-right-at-the-right-time/, http://www.spawhe.eu/european-environmental-competition/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-role-of-biological-energy/, http://www.spawhe.eu/patent-drawings-synergic-plants/, http://www.spawhe.eu/patent-drawings-synergic-plants/). In fact, at the time they were born first thermal engines, thermal power plants, water purifiers, it was also born hydropower and compressed air. But energy development focused only on the thermal sector, which has an average yield of 0.35 relative to the lower calorific value of the fuel. Since myself was and is also worried about ocean acidification, also it wanted to bring environmental solutions to be implemented directly in the seas, being inspired to the natural circulation of water, which in certain conditions, brings to the surface the organic sediment precipitates in the seabed, creating phytoplankton, which in turn creates zooplankton and marine food chain. In fact, for myself, it is possible to realize artificial water currents that not only raise the organic nutrients but also the dissolved carbonates in the deep sea and then, in addition to the creation of the food chain where do not exist, we can also increase the alkalinity and combat acidification. In this way is born the AW sector(artificial welling). All this is written in http://www.spawhe.eu/patent-drawings-artificial-welling/, http://www.spawhe.eu/artificial-welling-files/. Also in this case, the silence of the environmental authorities has been eloquent: pensioners should mind their own business without interfering in reserved matters only to them. However, even these reflections and environmental proposals, made illegally, without observing the caste system, have led myself to investigate on the third unexplored world energy sector. Thus was born the third sector of SPAWHE: HE (hydroelectric energy with water recycling).
In fact, the existence of ocean currents has opened the mind to myself of the opportunity to produce energy by recycling the water, because inside the volume of water accumulated you can harness the energy position of the water surface respect to water placed in the bottom, as long as there is content to use only the water specifically ducted from the surface, pulled down by a pump inverted, placed in the bottom, which feeds a turbine. This system does not exploit the hydrostatic pressure of the basin but the dynamic pressure that develops in the descent tube due to the rotation of the pump. The turbine, placed after the pump slows down the velocity of water in the descent tube, that would assume the value (V = √ 2 gh) increased by the force of gravity and by atmospheric pressure, that the pump would not be able to control by itself, producing hydroelectric energy instead of dissipating it as heat both in the downhill tube, both in the submerged outlet. The concept of energy of position without the hydraulic jump is understandable even by the drilling of a submerged water vein that spontaneously produces the water output from the subsoil to the effect of atmospheric pressure acting on the water surface of the basin that feeds the vein. In the compressed hydroelectric, we use the same energy principle, but replacing the atmospheric pressure with an artificial pressure, which can be thirty - forty times higher than atmospheric pressure, thereby producing an energy thirty - forty times higher. But to produce energy by recycling the water and without consuming the air cushion is necessary to circulate the water inside the pressurized tank one-way, not like the current autoclaves, where the water comes in and out by the same hole by expanding and compressing the air cushion. The expansion involves a loss of energy, because it requires a subsequent compression and therefore there is not an energy gain. Instead, the energy gain is obtained by circulating, in one way, a part of the water incompressible under the compressed air cushion keeping constant the two volumes inside the tank. Therefore, we only exploit the water that comes from the pressurized tank, as if it came from the overflow of a reservoir at atmospheric pressure, but since the pressure is much higher than atmospheric and replaces the height h in the formula (V = √ 2 gh), we have a multiplication of energy produced in the turbine that is proportional to the pressure of the air cushion, which does not lose its thrust because it does not expand, as it not expands the atmospheric pressure on open basins. For this to happen, it is necessary that the amount of water that enters into pressurized tank is exactly equal to that leaving powering the turbine. This takes place by means of the pump with the double separate power supply up to the impeller, specially invented by myself, which has the power that has the power to recycle the water in two separate circuits aspirants, but with only one outlet placed in the pressurized tank. Therefore, the internal recycling circuit of the pressurized tank is balanced by the static pressure of the air cushion, which acts in the impeller of the pump suction and delivery, while the other power supply of the impeller, hermetically separated from the first, when the impeller rotates, makes enter in the pressurized tank also the water discharged into an open tank from the turbine. But the pressurized tank having already occupied the volume of water and the air cushion expels again the same amount of water which enters, with all its strength, without expanding the air volume, allowing it to enter back into the turbine, in an infinite loop. Obviously, this circuit can be realized in many versions and in many sizes to produce energy, fixed and mobile, in proportion to the pressure of the air cushion (which as is known has a critical pressure of 37.5 bar and a critical temperature of - 140,6 degrees Celsius), therefore, we could produce energy at very low cost, even at the north pole, in all seasons, for twenty-four hours a day and three hundred sixty-five days a year, since the advent of the industrial age, saving spaces pollution and global warming. Indeed, since, proportionally, to the operating pressure, the water solubilize also the gases present in the air, being important only that the nitrogen percentage is neutral and oxygen, thanks to the latter, with this type of energy, we can practically eliminate the costs of depuration because producing energy with rainwater and waste, continuously, practically without energy costs, we arrive easily endogenous oxidation that consumes all organic substances in the water and if we create artificial rain of calcareous materials in covered environments, in the lower areas of the atmosphere, we can lower the quantity of CO2 in air producing alkaline water, which returns to the sea through rivers fighting acidification and melting glaciers. All this is written in many files:
http://www.spawhe.eu/, http://www.spawhe.eu/fighting-global-warming-extending-the-borders-of-perpetual-motion/, http://www.spawhe.eu/pressurized-domestic-hydraulic-energy-system/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-potentialities-of-pressurized-hydroelectric-energy/, http://www.spawhe.eu/defend-the-environment-and-the-territory-by-producing-energy/, http://www.spawhe.eu/cop22-failed-international-crime-of-states-not-punished/, http://www.spawhe.eu/marrakech-2016-is-there-a-conspiracy/, http://www.spawhe.eu/two-environmental-and-energy-inventions-for-the-marrakech-summit/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-pressurized-submerged-hydroelectric/, http://www.spawhe.eu/hydroelectric-power-auto-with-torque-peripheral-to-the-wheels/, http://www.spawhe.eu/sustainable-desalination/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-energetic-miracles-of-pumps-with-separated-double-supply-until-to-the-impeller/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-sustainable-future-of-environment-energy-food-and-labour/, http://www.spawhe.eu/relativty-and-technology-in-the-new-hydroelectric-energy/, http://www.spawhe.eu/where-is-the-science-and-where-hope/, http://www.spawhe.eu/open-letter-to-mr-bill-gates-on-energy-miracle/, http://www.spawhe.eu/causes-of-failure-cop-21/, http://www.spawhe.eu/official-presentation-of-spawhe/, http://www.spawhe.eu/from-efficient-purification-to-sustainable-energy/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-future-of-energy-is-hydroelectric/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-perpetual-energetic-motion/, http://www.spawhe.eu/the-reasons-of-lack-protection/, http://www.spawhe.eu/also-churches/, http://www.spawhe.eu/hydroelectric-energy-files/, http://www.spawhe.eu/closing-the-anthropogenic-carbon-cycle/,, http://www.spawhe.eu/open-letters/, http://www.spawhe.eu/expo-2015-and-spawhe/, http://www.spawhe.eu/spawhe-comes-from-below/, Not be heard by the authorities of environment, energy, scientists, entrepreneurs, the media, the network, it is not the tragedy of a pensioner, but the tragedy of the whole world, which has not investigated rationally and scientifically, in the environmental and energy problems. That is, without vested interests, but by using the right technology at the right place and the right size. Not thinking only to produce energy, but also to save resources and to purify water with the same process, closing the air and water cycles together, without going that far away purifiers. Below you can download the full article in English and Italian.
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Luigi antonio Pezone